Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine (2572-9292) is a peer-reviewed Journal, with the rapid publication process. We publish original research articles, case reports, methodological clinical approaches, design and goals of clinical trials, epidemiological studies, review articles, points of view, editorials and Images of cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine. It covers the topics such as congenital heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, valvular heart diseases, ventricular arrhythmia, rheumatic heart disease, atrial fibrillation, coronary disease, heart failure, hypertension, coronary artery disease, heart conditions, stroke, echocardiography, and all sorts of cardiovascular disorders and clinical aspects.
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine provides a global open access platform to put forth the ongoing research, reviews on cardiology. Our main aim is to encourage researchers to publish their new findings or ideas in an open access platform and there is no restriction on the length of the papers so that full experimental details provided by the author should help in better understanding by the readers.
Cardiology is a branch of medicine mainly dealing with disorders of the heart and as well as parts of the circulatory system. The cardiology field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine publishes many article related to cardiology, browse related articles in our Archive page.
Cardiovascular Medicine mainly focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases which are related to the heart and blood vessels or the vascular system. These include: coronary artery disease, heart rhythm disorders, heart failure, congenital heart defects, heart valve disease, heart muscle disease, and disorders of the vascular system including the aorta and other vessels.
Congenital heart disease
A congenital heart defect (CHD) (or congenital heart anomaly) is defect in the heart structure present at birth. Signs and symptoms rely upon the explicit sort of problem. Symptoms can shift from none to life threatening. When present they may incorporate fast breathing, pale blue skin, poor weight gain, and feeling tired but does not cause chest pain. Most CHD problems do not occur with other diseases, instead complications that can result from heart abandons incorporate heart failure.
Myocardial dead tissue (MI) generally known as a heart attack, occurs when blood stream diminishes or stops to a piece of the heart, harming the heart muscle. The most widely recognized indication is chest pain or uneasiness, which may go into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it happens in the center or left half of the chest and lasts for few minutes. The distress may sporadically feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may incorporate shortness of breath, queasiness, feeling faint, a cool perspiration, or feeling tired. A MI may cause heart failure, an unpredictable heartbeat, cardiogenic stun, or cardiovascular arrest.
Heart arrhythmia (or arrhythmia, dysrhythmia, unpredictable heartbeat) is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is sporadic, excessively quick, or too slow. A pulse that is excessively quick-over 100 beats for each moment in adults-is called tachycardia and a pulse that is excessively moderate-underneath 60 pulsates every moment-is called bradycardia. Many sorts of arrhythmia have no symptoms. When symptoms are available, these may incorporate palpitations or feeling an interruption between heartbeats. In increasingly genuine cases, there might be dizziness, passing out, shortness of breath, or chest pain.
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a therapeutic imaging system utilizing a uniquely planned catheter with a scaled down ultrasound test connected to the distal end of the catheter. The proximal end of the catheter is connected to mechanized ultrasound device. It permits the utilization of ultrasound innovation, for example, piezoelectric transducer or CMUT, to see from inside veins out through the encompassing blood section, visualizing the endothelium (inner wall) of veins in living individuals.
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a non-surgery used to treat narrowing (stenosis) of the coronary veins of the heart found in coronary artery disease. Subsequent to getting to the circulation system through the femoral or radial artery, the method utilizes coronary catheterization to envision the veins on X-ray imaging. After this, an interventional cardiologist can perform a coronary angioplasty, utilizing an inflatable catheter in which an emptied balloon is progressed into the impeded vein and expanded to assuage the narrowing; certain gadgets, for example, stents can be sent to keep the vein open. Different methodology can also be performed.
Pulse oximetry is a noninvasive technique for checking an individual's oxygen saturation (SO2). Despite the fact that its perusing of SpO2 (peripheral oxygen saturation) is not constantly indistinguishable to the more alluring perusing of SaO2 (arterial oxygen saturation) from arterial blood gas investigation, the two are corresponded that the safe, advantageous, noninvasive, reasonable pulse oximetry technique is profitable for estimating oxygen saturation in clinical use.
Myocardial perfusion imaging
Myocardial perfusion imaging or scanning (MPI or MPS) is an atomic prescription technique that describes the capacity of the heart muscle (myocardium). MPI assesses numerous heart conditions, for example, coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and heart wall motion abnormalities. MPI can recognize locales of myocardial infarction by indicating territories of diminished resting perfusion. The function of the myocardium is analyzed by calculating the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of the heart. This scan is done related to a cardiovascular stress test. The diagnostic information is produced by inciting controlled provincial ischemia in the heart with variable perfusion.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a sort of obstructive lung infection described by long haul breathing issues and poor airflow. The primary indications incorporate shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. COPD is a progressive sickness, which means it normally compounds over time. Eventually regular exercises, for example, walking or getting dressed, move toward becoming difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are more established terms utilized for various kinds of COPD. The expression "chronic bronchitis" is used to characterize a profitable cough that is available for no less than three months every year for two years.
Dementia is a broad class of brain diseases that reason a long haul and frequently progressive decline in the capacity to think and recall that is sufficiently extraordinary to influence an individual's every day functioning. Other normal symptoms incorporate emotional problems, difficulties with language, and a decline in motivation. An individual's consciousness is typically not affected. A dementia diagnosis requires a change from an individual's standard mental working and a more noteworthy decrease than one would anticipate that due to aging. These diseases significantly affect an individual's caregivers.
Hypertension (HTN or HT) also called high blood pressure (HBP), is a long haul medicinal condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. High blood pressure commonly does not cause symptoms. Long-term high blood pressure is a noteworthy hazard factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, chronic kidney disease, and dementia.
Atrial fibrillation (AF or A-lie) is an unusual heart rhythm described by fast and sporadic beating of the atria. Often it begins as brief times of anomalous pulsating, which turn out to be longer and potentially steady over time. Occasionally there might be heart palpitations, fainting, lightheadedness, shortness of breath, or chest pain. The disease is related to an expanded danger of heart failure, dementia, and stroke. It is a sort of supraventricular tachycardia.
Coronary artery disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) (ischemic heart disease (IHD)) is the most well known part of the cardiovascular diseases. Types of CAD incorporate stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiovascular death. A typical side effect is chest pain or distress, which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Occasionally it might feel like acid reflux. In numerous cases, the main sign is a heart attack. Other entanglements incorporate heart failure or an unusual heartbeat.
An echocardiogram (cardiac echo or echo) is a sonogram of the heart. Echocardiography utilizes standard two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and Doppler ultrasound to develop images of the heart. Echocardiography has turned out to be utilized in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of patients with any suspected or known heart illnesses. It is the most generally utilized diagnostic tests in cardiology. It can give a wealth of helpful information, including the size and shape of the heart (interior chamber measure evaluation), pumping capacity, and the location and extent of any tissue damage.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of maladies that include the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease incorporates coronary artery diseases (CAD, for example, angina and myocardial infarction (heart attack). Other CVDs incorporate stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, heart arrhythmia, congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease, carditis, aortic aneurysms, peripheral artery disease, thromboembolic disease, and venous thrombosis.
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Cerebral Infarction in Risk Factor of Adenoma and Symptomatic Aortic Stenosis: Case Report and Literature Review
The coexisting neurovascular symptoms emphasize the instability of subclavian steal syndrome as an originating retrograde circulation highly indicates ischemia with the luetic aging of neurosyphilis. The role of arrhythmia in the anatomic phenomenon of hypoperfusion p...Read More
Patients with Normal Coronary Arteries Via Angiography: The Relationship Between Slow Coronary Flow and Serglycin
Background: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is an angiographic finding characterized with delayed opacification of epicardial coronary arteries without obstructive coronary disease. Several mechanisms have been proposed for SCF phenomenon, including inflammation. Serglycin has an import...Read More
Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with Collaborative Diabetes Study in the Efficacy of Statins: Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Context: A recent meta-analysis demonstrated the use of statin therapy in an association of ischemic conditioning of high-risk T2DM development.
Objective: The purpose of this research is to investigate the effectivene...Read More